European Western Balkans

European Parliament resolution on the 2016 Commission Report on Serbia

The European Parliament adopted the resolution on June 14, 2017 on the 2016 Commission Report on Serbia.

The European Parliament,

– having regard to the Presidency conclusions of the Thessaloniki European Council
meeting of 19 and 20 June 2003 concerning the prospect of the Western Balkan
countries joining the European Union,

– having regard to Council Decision 2008/213/EC of 18 February 2008 on the principles,
priorities and conditions contained in the European Partnership with Serbia and
repealing Decision 2006/56/EC1,

– having regard to the Commission opinion of 12 October 2011 on Serbia’s application
for membership of the European Union (SEC(2011)1208), the European Council’s
decision of 2 March 2012 to grant Serbia candidate status and the European Council’s
decision of 27-28 June 2013 to open negotiations with Serbia,

– having regard to the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) between the
European Communities and their Member States and the Republic of Serbia, which
entered into force on 1 September 2013,

– having regard to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999), to the International
Court of Justice (ICJ) Advisory Opinion of 22 July 2010 on the accordance with
international law of the unilateral declaration of independence in respect of Kosovo, and
to UN General Assembly Resolution 64/298 of 9 September 2010, which acknowledged
the content of the ICJ opinion and welcomed the EU’s readiness to facilitate dialogue
between Serbia and Kosovo,

– having regard to the declaration and recommendations adopted at the fifth EU-Serbia
Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee meeting of 22-23 September

– having regard to the Report on Enterprise and Industry Policy adopted on 7 October 2016 by the EU-Serbia Civil Society Joint Consultative Committee,

– having regard to the OSCE/ODHIR limited election observation mission final report on
early parliamentary elections in Serbia of 29 July 2016,

– having regard to the Commission’s 2016 report on Serbia of 9 November 2016

– having regard to the Commission’s assessment on the Economic Reform Programme of
Serbia (2016-2018) (SWD(2016)0137),

– having regard to the Joint Conclusions of the Economic and Financial Dialogue
between the EU and the Western Balkans and Turkey of 26 May 2016 (9500/2016),

– having regard to the Presidency conclusions of 13 December 2016,

– having regard to the third meeting of the EU-Serbia Stabilisation and Association Council held on 13 December 2016,

– having regard to its resolution of 4 February 2016 on the 2015 Report on Serbia,

– having regard to Rule 52 of its Rules of Procedure,

– having regard to the report of the Committee on Foreign Affairs (A8-0063/2017),

A. whereas Serbia, like every country aspiring to EU membership, must be judged on its
own merits in terms of fulfilling, implementing and complying with the same set of
criteria and whereas the quality of and the dedication to the necessary reforms
determines the timetable for accession;

B. whereas Serbia’s progress under rule of law chapters 23 and 24 and in the process of
normalisation of relations with Kosovo under chapter 35 remains essential for the
overall pace of the negotiating process, in line with the Negotiating Framework;

C. whereas Serbia has taken important steps towards the normalisation of relations with
Kosovo, resulting in the First Agreement on the Principles of Normalisation of
Relations of 19 April 2013 and the August 2015 agreements, but there is still a lot to be
done in this regard; whereas further steps are urgently needed in order to deal with,
move forward on and solve all pending issues between the two countries;

D. whereas Serbia has remained committed to creating a functioning market economy and has continued to implement the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA);

E. whereas the implementation of the legal framework on the protection of minorities
needs to be fully ensured, notably in the areas of education, use of language, access to
media and religious services in minority languages, and adequate political
representation of national minorities at local, regional and national levels;

1. Welcomes the opening of negotiations on Chapters 23 (Judiciary and Fundamental
Rights) and 24 (Justice, Freedom and Security) as the key chapters in the EU approach to enlargement based on the rule of law, as progress on these chapters remains essential
for the overall pace of the negotiation process; welcomes the opening of Chapters 32
(Financial Control) and 35 (Other Issues), the opening of negotiations on Chapter 5
(Public Procurement) and the opening and provisional closure of Chapter 25 (Science
and Research), the opening of negotiations on Chapter 20 (Enterprise and Industrial
Policy) and the opening and provisional closure of Chapter 26 (Education and Culture);
looks forward to the opening of additional chapters that have been technically prepared;

2. Welcomes the continued engagement of Serbia on the path of integration into the EU
and its constructive and well-prepared approach to the negotiations, which is a clear
sign of determination and political will; calls on Serbia to continue to actively promote
and communicate this strategic decision among the Serbian population, including by
promoting enhanced awareness of Serbian citizens about funding from the EU budget
directed to Serbia; invites the Serbian authorities to refrain from anti-EU rhetoric and
messages directed at the public; underlines the need for informed, transparent and
constructive debates on the EU, its institutions and the implications of membership;
takes note of improvements in dialogue and public consultations with relevant
stakeholders and civil society as well as their engagement in the EU integration process;

3. Underlines that the thorough implementation of reforms and policies remains a key
indicator of a successful integration process; commends the adoption of the revised
National Programme for the Adoption of the Acquis (NPAA); calls on Serbia to
improve the planning, coordination and monitoring of the implementation of new
legislation and policies, setting up an adequate and efficient administrative capacity, and
to undertake further efforts to ensure the systematic inclusion of civil society in policy
dialogues, including in the accession process, as a tool to improve the standards of
democratic governance; welcomes the continued initiatives by the Government Office
for Cooperation with Civil Society aimed at improving cooperation between the state
and the civil sector;

4. Notes delays in the absorption of pre-accession aid, also due to the inadequate
institutional framework; urges the authorities to seek positive examples and best
practices among the Member States; underlines the need to establish a more effective
and comprehensive institutional system at national, regional and local level, for the
absorption of IPA (Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance) and other available funds;

5. Welcomes the progress made by Serbia in developing a functioning market economy
and the improvement of the overall economic situation in the country; stresses that
Serbia has made good progress in addressing some of its policy weaknesses, in
particular with regard to the budget deficit which is now below the level set in the
Maastricht criteria; highlights that growth prospects have improved and domestic and
external imbalances have been reduced; welcomes the fact that the restructuring of
publicly owned enterprises has advanced, particularly in the field of energy and railway
transportation, and underlines the importance of their professional management in order to make them more effective, competitive and economic; underlines the significance of public sector employment in Serbia and the importance of respecting the rights of workers;

6. Takes note of the results of the presidential elections held on 2 April 2017; strongly
condemns the rhetoric used during the presidential campaign by government officials
and pro-government media against other presidential candidates; regrets the uneven
access of candidates to the media during the election campaign as well as the parliament
recess during the campaign, denying opposition politicians a public forum; calls on the
authorities to properly investigate claims of various types of irregularities, violence and
intimidation during the elections; recognises the protests which were taking place at that
time in various Serbian cities and encourages the authorities to consider their demands
in line with democratic standards and the spirit of democracy;

7. Underlines the paramount role of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) for
Serbia’s economy and invites Serbia to further improve the business environment for
the private sector; calls for the Serbian Government and the EU institutions to expand
their funding opportunities for SMEs, especially in the field of IT and the digital
economy; commends Serbia’s efforts concerning dual and vocational education in order
to address youth unemployment and underlines the importance of organising training
more in keeping with labour market demand; encourages Serbia to promote
entrepreneurship, particularly among young people; notes the unfavourable
demographic trends and the ‘brain drain’ phenomenon and calls on Serbia to introduce
national programmes to promote youth employment;

8. Welcomes the conduct of the parliamentary elections on 24 April 2016 which were
assessed positively by the international observers; calls on the authorities to fully
address the recommendations of the OSCE/ODIHR election observation mission, in
particular with regard to biased media coverage, an undue advantage for incumbents, a
blurring of the distinction between state and party activities, the registration process and
the lack of transparency of the financing of political parties and of the election
campaign; stresses that the funding of political parties must be in accordance with the
highest international standards; calls on the authorities to properly investigate claims of
irregularities, violence and intimidation that arose during the electoral process; calls on
Serbia to ensure fair and free elections in April 2017;

9. Notes that Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić received 55.08 % of the vote in the
presidential election of 2 April 2017; stresses that a multiparty delegation from the
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) observed the election, and
that the OSCE/ODIHR deployed an election assessment mission (EAM);

10. Reiterates its call on Serbia, in line with the requirements of its candidate status, to
progressively align its foreign and security policy with that of the EU, including its
policy on Russia; considers the conduct of joint Serbia-Russia military exercises
regrettable; is concerned about the presence of Russian air facilities in Nis; regrets that
in December 2016 Serbia was one of 26 countries that did not support the resolution on
Crimea at the United Nations calling for an international observation mission on the
human rights situation in the peninsula; welcomes Serbia’s important contribution to
several EU CSDP missions and operations (EUTM Mali, EUTM Somalia, EUNAVFOR
Atalanta, EUTM RCA) and its continued participation in international peacekeeping
operations; strongly encourages and supports Serbia in negotiating WTO accession;

11. Commends Serbia’s constructive and humanitarian approach in dealing with the
migration crisis; invites Serbia to foster this constructive approach also with
neighbouring countries; takes positive note of the fact that Serbia has made substantial
efforts to ensure that third country nationals receive shelter and humanitarian supplies
with EU and international support; stresses that Serbia should adopt and implement the
new asylum law; calls on the Serbian authorities to continue to provide all refugees and
migrants with basic services such as adequate housing, food, sanitation and healthcare;
calls on the Commission and the Council to provide continued support for Serbia in
addressing migration challenges and to closely monitor the application of financial
subsidies for the organisation and handling of migration flows; encourages Serbia to
sustain the decreasing trend of asylum seekers coming into the EU from Serbia; calls on
Serbia to fully respect the rights of asylum applicants in Serbia and to ensure that
unaccompanied and separated minors are identified and protected; calls on the
Commission to continue the work on migration with all the countries of the Western
Balkans in order to ensure that European and international norms and standards are

Rule of law

12. Notes that, while some progress has been made in the area relating to the judiciary, in
particular by taking steps to harmonise jurisprudence and further promoting a meritbased recruitment system, judicial independence is not assured in practice, and this prevents judges and prosecutors from implementing the adopted legislation; calls on the authorities to bring the constitutional and legislative framework into line with European standards in order to reduce political influence in the recruitment and appointment of judges and prosecutors; stresses that the quality and efficiency of the judiciary and access to justice remain under constraints due to an uneven distribution of the workload, a burdensome case backlog and the lack of a free legal aid system, which needs to be established; calls for the implementation of the rulings of the European Court of Human Rights;

13. Is concerned by the lack of progress in the fight against corruption and urges Serbia to show clear political will and commitment in tackling this issue, also by enhancing and
fully enforcing the legal framework; calls on Serbia to step up the implementation of the
national anti-corruption strategy and action plan, and calls for the establishment of an
initial track record on investigations, prosecutions and convictions for high-level
corruption; welcomes the progress on the finalisation of the draft law on the Anti-Corruption Agency and the implementation of the activities on the prevention of and
fight against corruption envisaged through the newly established EU twinning project;
urges Serbia to amend and implement the economic and corruption crimes section of the
criminal code with a view to providing a credible and predictable criminal law
framework; is concerned about repeated leaks to the media regarding ongoing
investigations; calls on the Serbian authorities to investigate seriously several highprofile
cases where evidence of alleged wrongdoings has been presented by journalists;
reiterates its call for proper reform of the offence of abuse of office and abuse of
responsible position so as to prevent possible misuse or arbitrary interpretation; stresses
that the excessive recourse to the provision on abuse of office in the private sector is
harmful to the business climate and hampers legal certainty; calls on Serbia to guarantee
the neutrality and continuity of the public administration;

14. Welcomes Serbia’s active role in international and regional police and judicial
cooperation, the progress made in the fight against organised crime and the adoption of
Serbia’s first national serious and organised crime threat assessment (SOCTA); calls on
Serbia to step up efforts to investigate wider criminal networks, improve financial
investigations and intelligence-led policing and develop a solid track record of final
convictions; calls on Serbia to fully implement the law of February 2016 on the police,
to align with EU rules on the confiscation of criminal assets and to establish a secure
platform to exchange intelligence between law enforcement agencies; welcomes the
recent changes to the law on public property and stresses that its transparent and non-discriminatory implementation must be ensured, and that further measures must be
adopted to fully establish legal clarity over property rights; calls for additional efforts in
addressing the issue of the scope, implementation and implications of the Law on the
Organisation and Competences of State Authorities in War Crime Proceedings; calls on
the authorities to address cases of excessive use of power by police against citizens; has
taken note, with concern, of the controversial events in Belgrade’s Savamala district,
with regard in particular to the demolition of private property; expresses concern that
one full year has passed without any advances in the investigation, and calls for its swift
resolution and for full cooperation with the judicial authorities in the investigations to
bring perpetrators to justice; calls on the Serbian Ministry of Interior and the Belgrade
city authorities to fully cooperate with the public prosecutor in this case; calls on the
authorities to refrain from accusations, pressure and attacks directed at members of the
‘Let’s not drown Belgrade’ civil movement;

15. Welcomes Serbia’s active role in the fight against terrorism, and recalls that Serbia
criminalised already in 2014 the activities of foreign fighters in line with UN Security
Council Resolution 2178 (2014); urges the adoption of the national strategy to prevent
and fight terrorism finalised in March 2016; calls on Serbia to fully implement the
recommendations of the evaluation report of the Council of Europe’s Committee of
Experts on the Evaluation of Anti-Money Laundering Measures and the Financing of
Terrorism (Moneyval), and in particular the Financial Action Task Force (FATF)
recommendations on terrorist financing and money laundering; welcomes Serbia’s
continued international and regional cooperation in the fight against drugs but stresses
that further efforts are needed in order to track down and prosecute criminal networks
involved in trafficking of human beings; considers that a regional strategy and enhanced
cooperation in the region are essential to tackle corruption and organised crime;


16. Welcomes the measures taken to improve transparency and the consultation process
within the parliament, including public hearings and regular meetings and consultations
with the National Convent on European Integration, especially as they are important
parts of the negotiation procedure; remains concerned about the extensive use of urgent
procedures in adopting legislation; stresses that the frequent use of urgent procedures
and last minute changes to the parliamentary agenda undermine parliamentary
effectiveness, quality and transparency of the law-making process, while not always
allowing for sufficient stakeholder and wider public consultation; underlines that the
parliament’s oversight of the executive needs to be strengthened; calls for better
coordination at all levels and immediate adoption of the parliament’s code of conduct;
regrets that, due to disruption, the Head of the EU Delegation to Serbia was not able to
present the Commission’s report in the European Integrations Committee of the Serbian
Parliament; stresses that the Head of the EU Delegation should be able to present this
report without undue obstacles and that this will also enable proper oversight of the
accession process by the Serbian Parliament;

17. Notes that the constitution needs to be revised so as to fully reflect the
recommendations of the Venice Commission, notably with regard to the parliament’s
role in judicial appointments, the control of political parties over the mandate of
Members of Parliament, the independence of key institutions and the protection of
fundamental rights;

18. Welcomes the adoption of the public financial management reform programme, e-government strategy, a strategy on regulatory reform and policy-making, new laws on
general administrative procedures, public salaries and civil servants at provincial and
local government level; notes that the implementation of the public administration
reform action plan has been slow in some areas, and that no progress has been made in
amending the legal framework for central government civil servants; underlines that
more effort is needed to further professionalise and depoliticise the administration and
make recruitment and dismissal procedures more transparent;

19. Reiterates the importance of independent regulatory bodies such as the Ombudsman, the Commissioner for Information of Public Importance and Personal Data Protection, the State Audit Institution, the Anti-Corruption Agency and the Anti-Corruption Council in ensuring oversight and accountability of the executive; stresses the need for
transparency and accountability of state institutions; calls on the authorities to fully
protect the independence of these regulatory bodies, to provide full political and
administrative support for their work and to ensure proper follow-up of their
recommendations; calls on the authorities to refrain from accusations and unfounded
political attacks directed at the Ombudsman;

20. Underlines the necessity of ensuring an accessible education system with a full and
balanced curriculum, including on the importance of human rights and antidiscrimination, and work and training opportunities for young people, and of promoting European study programmes, such as the Erasmus programme;

Human rights

21. Underlines that the legislative and institutional framework for observance of
international human rights law is in place; stresses that consistent implementation across the whole country is needed; notes that further sustained efforts are needed to improve the situation of persons belonging to vulnerable groups, including Roma, persons with disabilities, persons with HIV/AIDS, LGBTI persons, migrants and asylum seekers, and ethnic minorities; underlines the need for the Serbian authorities, all political parties and public figures to promote a climate of tolerance and inclusion in Serbia; calls on the authorities to ensure proper implementation of the adopted anti-discrimination legislation, especially with regard to hate crimes; expresses its concerns on the Law on Rights of Civilian Victims of War, which excludes some groups of victims of violence during the conflict, and calls on the authorities to review this law;

22. Reiterates its concern that no progress has been made to improve the situation regarding freedom of expression and self-censorship of the media, which is a worsening
phenomenon; stresses that political interference, threats, violence and intimidation
against journalists, including physical assaults, verbal and written threats and attacks on
property, remain an issue of concern; calls on the authorities to publicly and
unequivocally condemn all attacks, to provide adequate resources to investigate more
proactively all cases of attacks against journalists and media outlets and to swiftly bring
the perpetrators to justice; expresses concern for the fact that civil defamation lawsuits
and smear campaigns are disproportionately targeting critical media outlets and
journalists and for the possible impact on media freedom of decisions of the judiciary
with regard to defamation; expresses concern at a negative campaign against
investigative journalists reporting about corruption, and calls on government officials to
refrain from engaging in such campaigns; calls for the full implementation of media
laws; welcomes the signing of the agreement on cooperation and protection of
journalists between prosecutors, police and journalists and media associations and looks
forward to its implementation; underlines the need for complete transparency in media
ownership and funding of media; encourages the government to guarantee the
independence and financial sustainability of both public service media organisations
and the financial viability of media content in minority languages, and to increase the
role of public broadcasters in this area;

23. Is concerned that the Law on Advertising was adopted in 2015 without proper public
consultation, abolishing important provisions such as the ones related to the prohibition
of the advertising of public authorities and of political advertising outside election

24. Deplores the requirement for the use of IPA funds which demands that civil society
organisations (CSOs) become partners with the state in order for their applications to be

25. Condemns the government’s and the government-managed media’s negative campaign against CSOs; is concerned about the governmental setting up of fictitious CSO
institutions in opposition to independent CSOs; finds it unacceptable that partnership
with the government is needed in order for CSOs’ applications for IPA funds to be

Respect for and protection of minorities

26. Reiterates that the promotion and protection of human rights, including the rights of
national minorities, is a basic precondition for joining the EU; welcomes the adoption of
an action plan for the realisation of the rights of national minorities, and the adoption of
a decree establishing a fund for national minorities, which needs to be made
operational; calls for the full implementation of the action plan and its annex in a
comprehensive and transparent manner, with the constructive engagement of all sides;
reiterates its call on Serbia to ensure consistent implementation of legislation on
protection of minorities and to pay particular attention to non-discriminatory treatment
of national minorities throughout the country, including in relation to education, use of
languages, adequate representation in the judiciary, public administration, the national
parliament and local and regional bodies, and access to media and religious services in
minority languages; welcomes the adoption of new educational standards for the
teaching of Serbian as a non-mother tongue and the progress in translation of school
textbooks into minority languages, and encourages the Serbian authorities to ensure the
sustainability of these processes; invites Serbia to fully implement all international
treaties concerning minority rights;

27. Notes that Vojvodina’s multiethnic, multicultural and multiconfessional diversity also
contributes to Serbia’s identity; underlines that Vojvodina has maintained a high degree
of protection for minorities and that the inter-ethnic situation has remained good;
stresses that the autonomy of Vojvodina should not be weakened and that the law on
Vojvodina’s resources should be adopted without further delay, as prescribed by the
constitution; welcomes the achievement of the Serbian city of Novi Sad selected to be a
European Capital of Culture, in 2021;

28. Notes the adoption of the new Roma social inclusion strategy 2016-2025, which covers
education, health, housing, employment, social protection, anti-discrimination and
gender equality; calls for the full and swift implementation of the new strategy for
Roma inclusion, as they are the weakest, most marginalised and most discriminated
against group in Serbia, for urgent adoption of the action plan and for the establishment
of a body to coordinate implementation of the action plan; condemns the demolition of
informal Roma settlements by the authorities, without notification or offers of
alternative accommodation; is extremely concerned about the non-issuance of personal
documents to Roma people, which restricts their fundamental rights; is of the opinion
that all the above-mentioned issues lead to a large number of Roma people from Serbia
seeking asylum in the EU;

Regional cooperation and good neighbourly relations

29. Welcomes the fact that Serbia remains constructively committed to bilateral relations
with other enlargement countries and neighbouring EU Member States; encourages
Serbia to strengthen its proactive and positive engagement with its neighbours and the
wider region, to promote good neighbourly relations and to intensify efforts with
neighbouring countries to solve bilateral issues in accordance with international law;
reiterates its call on the authorities to facilitate access to archives that concern the
former republics of Yugoslavia; calls on Serbia to fully implement bilateral agreements
with neighbouring countries; underlines that outstanding bilateral disputes should not
have a detrimental effect on the accession process; encourages Serbia to enhance
cooperation with the neighbouring EU Member States, in particular on border areas, in
order to facilitate economic development;

30. Takes positive note of the fact that Serbia has shown an increasingly constructive
engagement in regional cooperation initiatives such as the Danube Strategy, the South East Europe Cooperation Process, the Regional Cooperation Council, the Central
European Free Trade Agreement, the Adriatic-Ionian Initiative, the Brdo-Brijuni
process, the Western Balkan Six initiative and its connectivity agenda and the Berlin
process; welcomes the meeting of the Bulgarian, Romanian and Serbian Prime
Ministers on energy and transport infrastructure cooperation and supports the idea of a
permanent format of the ‘Craiova Group’ meetings; stresses the importance of the
regional Youth Cooperation Office of the Western Balkans in promoting reconciliation;
calls on Serbia to implement the connectivity reform measures associated with the
connectivity agenda and the conclusions of the 2016 Paris conference on the Western
Balkans and TEN-T regulation; commends the role of the Chamber of Commerce and
Industry of Serbia in promoting regional cooperation and contributing to setting up the
Western Balkans Chamber Investment Forum;

31. Welcomes the adoption of a national strategy for the investigation and prosecution of
war crimes; calls on Serbia to promote a climate of respect and tolerance and condemn
all forms of hate speech, public approval and denial of genocide, crimes against
humanity and war crimes; notes that the mandate of the former War Crimes Prosecutor
expired in December 2015; stresses that the appointment of his successor is a matter of
serious concern; calls for the implementation of this national strategy and the adoption
of an operational prosecutorial strategy in line with the principles and rules of
international law and international standards; calls for enhanced regional cooperation in handling war crimes and solving all outstanding issues in this respect, including through cooperation between the War Crimes Prosecutors’ Offices in the region on issues of  mutual concern; calls for full cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), which remains essential; calls for war crimes to be
handled without any discrimination, addressing impunity and ensuring accountability;
urges the authorities to continue working on the issue of the fate of missing persons,
locating mass graves and guaranteeing the rights of victims and their families; reiterates
its support for the initiative to establish the regional Commission for the establishment
of facts about war crimes and other serious violations of human rights committed in the
former Yugoslavia and urges the Serbian Government to take the lead on its

32. Expresses its concern about the participation of some high-ranking Serbian officials in the 9 January celebrations of the Day of Republika Srpska, which were held in defiance of Bosnia and Herzegovina Constitutional Court decisions; stresses that both Serbia, as a candidate country, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a potential candidate, should defend and promote the rule of law by their actions; calls on the Serbian authorities to support constitutional reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to strengthen the country’s capacity to function and participate in EU accession talks;

33. Commends the opening of three new border-crossing points between Serbia and
Romania as a positive development and recommends the opening of the three delayed
border-crossing points with Bulgaria at Salash–Novo Korito, Bankya–Petachinci and

34. Commends both Serbia and Albania for their continued commitment to improving
bilateral relations and strengthening regional cooperation on the political and societal
level, for example through the Regional Youth Cooperation Office (RYCO),
headquartered in Tirana; encourages both countries to continue their good cooperation
in order to promote reconciliation in the region;

35. Welcomes Serbia’s continued engagement in the normalisation process with Kosovo,
and its commitment to the implementation of the agreements reached in the EU facilitated dialogue; reiterates that progress in the Dialogue should be measured in terms
of its implementation on the ground; calls, therefore, on both parties to move forward
with the full implementation, in good faith and in a timely manner, of all the agreements
already reached and to determinedly continue the normalisation process, including the
question of the Community of Serbian Municipalities; encourages Serbia and Kosovo to
identify new areas of discussion for the dialogue, with the aim of improving the lives of
people and comprehensively normalising relations; reiterates its call on the European
External Action Service (EEAS) to carry out an evaluation of the performance of the
sides in fulfilling their obligations;

36. Regrets, nevertheless, the decision taken by the Serbian authorities not to allow former President of Kosovo Atifete Jahjaga to attend the ‘Mirëdita, Dobar Dan’ festival in
Belgrade, at which she had been invited to deliver a speech on victims of sexual
violence during the war in Kosovo; regrets also the subsequent reciprocity measure
adopted by the Kosovan authorities to ban Serbia’s Minister of Labour Aleksandar
Vulin from entering Kosovo; stresses that such decisions are in breach of the Brussels
Agreement on freedom of movement concluded by Serbia and Kosovo within the
framework of the process of normalisation of the relations between the two countries;

37. Expresses serious concern at the recent tensions between Serbia and Kosovo regarding  the first train journey from Belgrade to Mitrovica North, including warmongering statements and anti-EU rhetoric; stresses the need for both Belgrade and Pristina to refrain from any action that might jeopardise the progress achieved so far and to refrain from provocative steps and unhelpful rhetoric that could hamper the normalisation process;

38. Welcomes the Serbian authorities’ support of Montenegro in its investigation into the
failed attacks planned for the day of Montenegro’s elections in 2016; notes that the
Serbian authorities have arrested two suspects following the issuing of an arrest warrant
by Montenegro; encourages the Serbian authorities to continue to cooperate with
Montenegro to arrange for the suspects’ extradition to Montenegro in accordance with
the terms of the countries’ bilateral agreement on extradition;

39. Calls on the Commission to make further efforts to support a true reconciliation process in the region, notably through support for cultural projects dealing with the recent past and promoting a common and shared understanding of history and a public and political culture of tolerance, inclusion and reconciliation;


40. Calls on Serbia to fully implement the connectivity reform measures in the energy
sector; encourages Serbia to develop competition in the gas market and to take measures
to improve alignment with the acquis in the fields of energy efficiency, renewable
energy and the fight against climate change, including the adoption of a comprehensive
climate policy; calls for the ratification of the Paris climate agreement; calls for the
development of a hydropower strategy for the Western Balkans as a whole in line with
EU environmental legislation and calls on the authorities to use additional EU funding
of EUR 50 million to develop the region’s hydropower potential; commends Serbia for
establishing the financing system for the environment via the Green Fund; stresses the
need to develop Serbia’s gas and electricity interconnections with its neighbours;
encourages Serbia to speed up technical and budgetary preparations for the Bulgaria-Serbia gas interconnector;

41. Points out that Serbia has yet to adopt formally the Water Management Strategy and has not yet revised the Law on Waters and the National Danube River Basin Management Plan; stresses that these laws are of fundamental importance for further alignment with the EU acquis and for improving the implementation of the EU directives in the water sector;


42. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the Government and Parliament of Serbia.

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